About Elevated PSAProstate-specific antigen is a protein made exclusively by cells in the prostate gland. In order to monitor certain conditions, such as prostate cancer, it is recommended that men have their PSA levels checked regularly. As your PSA level rises, your risk of prostate cancer also rises; however, a set normal level of PSA has not been determined. Generally, if your PSA level measures greater than a three or four, the physician will want to perform a biopsy, taking samples from the prostate gland in order to rule out cancer. The experienced professional team at miVIP can give you elevated PSA information to help you better understand the condition.
Although 13% of men over the age of fifty-five have PSA levels greater than a four, it doesn’t necessarily mean they have cancer. Further testing can determine exactly what is causing the elevated PSA reading. Elevated PSA levels due to prostate cancer are rarely found in men under the age of fifty, but some physicians will begin testing PSA at forty-five depending on the patient’s medical history and previous family history of cancer.
Causes of Elevated PSAWhile cancer is often the condition closest associated with high PSA levels, there are other conditions that can cause those levels to become elevated as well. These include:
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Benign Enlargement of the Prostate
- Prostate Infection
- Family History
- Ethnic Background
Elevated PSA SymptomsOften times, there are no symptoms of elevated PSA. That is why it is extremely important to have your levels measured regularly. PSA testing may be one of the only ways of detecting prostate cancer in its earliest stages.
Treating Elevated PSAIn order to rule out a more serious condition that is causing your elevated PSA levels, physicians may choose to perform a number of tests and surgical procedures to gain a better insight into the root of the problem.
- Prostate Biopsies: At miVIP, we are the prostate biopsy specialists. If your PSA level is elevated, our professional team will take a small sample of cells from the prostate for further examination.
- Radical Prostatectomy: This minimally invasive procedure is performed laparoscopically to minimize damage and to speed up recovery time and overall effectiveness. In fact, radical prostatectomy has been found to be more effective than radiation, and has a better recovery time as well.