About Bladder Prolapse Cystocele

Before you go in for an operation at an miVIP Surgery Center or if you’ve been diagnosed with a medical condition you’ll want arm yourself with knowledge by learning more about that condition. A bladder prolapse cystocele, also known as simply a cystocele, occurs whenever the supportive tissue that lines a woman’s vaginal wall and bladder starts to stretch and deteriorate, which leads to the bladder swelling into the vagina.

Whenever there’s stress and straining on the muscles that support a woman’s pelvic organs, there’s the potential for a cystocele to occur. Cystoceles can also lead to issues after a woman goes through menopause.


Some of the ways to diagnose a bladder prolapse cystocele include:

  • A description of symptoms
  • A physical examination of the vagina
  • A voiding cystourethrogram test that takes x-rays of the bladder during urination

There are also other tests that can be used to either rule out issues or problems in the urinary system.


The causes of a cystocele include:

  • Vaginal childbirth and pregnancy
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic bronchitis or coughing
  • Repeatedly lifting heavy objects

The links between a woman’s ligaments and pelvic floor muscles can start to strain and weaken over time from straining the muscles of the pelvic floor or from childbirth. If that happens, a woman’s bladder can start to slip down out of its normal position into the vagina, which is when a cystocele occurs.

Common Symptoms

Some of the symptoms associated with bladder prolapse cystoceles are:

    • A sensation of either pressure or fullness in the vagina and pelvis when standing for extended periods of time
    • Discomfort from lifting, coughing or straining
    • A protruding tissue that bulges through the opening of the vagina and feels like sitting down on an egg
    • A sensation that you haven’t fully emptied your bladder after you’ve urinated
    • Urinary leakage or pain during intercourse
    • Bladder infections that occur often

Treatment Options

    A bladder prolapse cystocele can be treated with surgery that is performed vaginally by an experienced miVIP surgeon who will lift your prolapsed bladder back into its proper position. Any extra tissue that there might be will also be removed and the ligaments and muscles of the pelvic floor will be tightened as well.

      If you have a prolapsed uterus, you might have to have a hysterectomy where your uterus is removed. You’ll want to speak with an miVIP surgeon about your treatment options if you’re thinking about having children.

        Get in Touch with Us

          If you’d like to schedule an evaluation to learn more about cystoceles or if you’re in need of a minimally invasive anterior repair treatment, get in touch with miVIP today by calling 855-496-4847.