It is a condition that involves inflammation or erosion of the stomach lining. Whether you have an acute condition of gastritis that has occurred suddenly, or a chronic condition that has slowly occurred over time, the EGD specialists at miVIP have a solution.
Causes of GastritisIn addition to excessive alcohol use, stress, medications and chronic vomiting, other causes of gastritis include:
- Pernicious Anemia: This form of anemia occurs when the stomach fails to produce a substance required to digest and absorb vitamin B12.
- Infections: Bacteria and viruses can cause infections that irritate the stomach lining.
- Bile Reflux: When bile backflows from the bile tract into the stomach, it can burn the lining of the stomach and cause it to become inflamed.
- Helicobacter pylori: This bacteria resides in the stomach’s mucosal lining. When left untreated, H. pylori can cause ulcers.
Common Symptoms of GastritisThe symptoms of gastritis are very individualistic, and some may not experience any symptoms at all. Some of the most common symptoms include the following:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea/Upset stomach
- Black stools
- Abdominal bloating
- Burning sensation in the stomach
- Loss of appetite
Treating GastritisGastritis should be treated as soon as possible in order to avoid any further complications or more severe conditions from developing. The exact treatment is dependent on the cause of your gastritis. Some common treatment options include:
- EGD: An esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure that utilizes an endoscopic camera to view the interior lining of the stomach. The endoscope is placed down the patient’s mouth, through the throat and esophagus, and then into the stomach and duodenum. This procedure is used to identify the cause of the gastritis so that it can be treated properly.
- Antibiotics: An antibiotic regimen is necessary to treat H. pylori. Often times, the physician will recommend a series of antibiotics to ensure that the H. pylori is completely eradicated.
- Proton Pump Blockers: If your gastritis is caused by ulcers or excessive acid production, proton pump inhibitors, including Prilosec, Prevacid, Nexium, and Aciphex, work to inhibit the acid-producing areas of the cell. These medications also promote healing of any damage that has already been caused.
- Acid Blockers: H2 blockers, such as Zantac, Pepcid and Tagamet, reduce the amount of acid that is produced by the stomach’s histamine H2 cells.