About Hallux RigidusOften referred to as the Stiff Big Toe Joint condition, hallux rigidus is a type of degenerative arthritis that causes stiffness and pain in the big toe. Not only does this condition limit the movement of the big toe, but it can also be quite painful. Hallux rigidus is often accompanied by bone spurs, which can increase the intensity level of the pain and discomfort.
Hallux rigidus is one of the most common disorders involving the big toe. Those who are between the ages of 30 and 60 have the greatest risk of developing this arthritic condition; however, it is also found in adolescents.
Causes of Hallux RigidusA single cause of hallux rigidus has yet to be found. Many experts believe that it may be due to overuse of the big toe joint, including athletes and workers in certain industries. Other experts lean toward the notion that this condition is hereditary, as it is often seen in the same family. It may have something to do with the physiological structure of the foot in these cases.
Hallux Rigidus SymptomsThe symptoms one might experience from hallux rigidus will depend on the severity of the condition, along with previous history of trauma to the toe and family history of arthritis. If you suspect hallux rigidus in your toe, look for the following:
- Limited range of motion in the big toe
- Stiffness or Inflammation
- Development of a bump or callus on the exterior joint of the big toe
Hallux Rigidus Treatment OptionsIn order to lessen the pain that comes with hallux rigidus, the patient is recommended to wear orthopedic shoes that have been modified to support the big toe. These shoes allow plenty of space for your toes and have stiff soles, which helps to alleviate the pain. In more severe cases, surgical options may be necessary. These include the following foot and ankle surgery options:
- Debridement: This minimally invasive procedure is used to surgically remove damaged bone and cartilage from the big toe joint. This will help to eliminate the pain and inflammation, as well as prevent the condition from progressing.
- Cheilectomy: If you have any bone spurs with your condition, you may want to consider a cheilectomy, which involves shaving off the bone spur.